Is iceland part of europe? is an interesting question to answer. This is because the location is quite confusing for some people. Before answering that question, let’s get to know Iceland better.
Iceland is a Nordic country located in northwest England, 300 kilometers east of Greenland and 1,000 kilometers west of Norway, more precisely in the northern Atlantic Ocean. The Nordic countries are Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden as well as the territories of the Faroe Islands, Greenland, Svalbard and Åland. Iceland has 30 small islands and a main island covering 103,000 square kilometers with a population of less than 1 million people. The capital and largest city in Iceland is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and its surroundings are home to two-thirds of Iceland’s population. Then is Iceland part of Europe? The following is a more detailed explanation to answer that question.
Geographically, Iceland is located at the intersection of the North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean at latitude 63 and 68 ° N, and longitude 25 and 13 ° W. Iceland’s territory is closer to the European mainland than the land of North America.
Geologically, this island is part of both continental plates. The closest European mainlands from Iceland are Greenland (290 km), Faroe Islands (420 km), Scotland (750 km) and Norway (around 970 km).
From a historical point of view, it can be described that the first people who lived in Iceland were Irish monks who arrived at the beginning of the 9th century. Around the 930s, Icelandic rulers began writing their country’s constitution. They formed Althing, a type of parliament headquartered in vingvellir city. Iceland can be regarded as the country with the oldest democratic system that still survives until now.
In 1262, Iceland became part of Norway until in 1814 Iceland became part of Denmark. At the end of the 19th century, many Icelanders wanted to be free from Denmark. In 1918, Iceland gained its sovereignty, but the Danish king was still asked to become the king of Iceland.
When Germany occupied Denmark on April 9, 1940, Althing decided that Iceland belonged to the people of Iceland. In 1944, Iceland finally declared its independence.
After World War II, Iceland became a member of NATO, but did not become a member of the European Union. Between 1958 and 1976, Iceland and Britain argued three times about who had the right to take cod fish from waters around Iceland. The war was called the War of the Cod. There were no casualties in the war.
Based on various perspectives, both geographical, social, cultural and historical as well as facts, the answer to the question Is iceland part of europe? That’s right, Iceland is part of Europe.